Mosquitoes are one of the many pests that Singaporeans are concern, in fact equally concerned as the pandemic of COVID-19. This is because of the rising dengue cases in Singapore and more dengue clusters appearing around the island. Proactive mosquito prevention is essential to protect your family from contracting dengue fever. Rentokil shares more on what you need to know about mosquito control and the latest innovation that controls both adult mosquitoes and larvae in a contactless manner.
- What are Aedes Mosquitoes?
- Why do we need mosquito control?
- What do we need to know about dengue fever?
- What are the types of mosquito eradication options available?
- How do specialists carry out mosquito treatments?
- How much does pest control packages for eradicating mosquitoes costs?
- Difference between mosquitoes and midges
- Mosquito prevention tips you can apply for your home
- When do we start to engage professional services?
- How often do we need to call for mosquito control solutions?
What are Aedes Mosquitoes?
Aedes Mosquitoes are one of the many mosquito’s species in Singapore that spread diseases through mosquito bites. They are active in the daytime that puts many of us who are working from home during the pandemic period, or spending more time with family kids. With a distinctive white strip marking on their body, they are a notoriously known breed in water and bite us for their blood meal to reproduce and develop. Their life cycle typically takes around six to ten days to complete, however, the warm climate in Singapore can reduce their development period, thus increasing our risk of dengue. However, to note that only the female mosquitoes need our blood and are often present around warm contact hosts like us.
Why do we need mosquito control?
Pests are things we cannot live with in home or workplace. Besides the fact that they form a nuisance to us, some develop phobia for pests such as cockroaches and rats. More importantly, there are key reasons relating to health and safety that makes mosquito control essential.
- Mosquitoes bites are itchy and may result in skin infections that is red and painful
- Spread harmful diseases including Dengue, Malaria and Encephalitis
- Mosquitoes fly and travel easily from anywhere to your home, thus making control difficult
- It is easy to result in mosquito breeding without housekeeping and mosquito treatments
- Dengue cases and clusters are still happening in huge volume in Singapore
- The pest has evolved and build immunity resistance to insecticides
- Environmental and climate conditions promotes higher mosquito population
- Our lifestyle and daily habits place us at higher risk of mosquito infestation exposure
In addition, mosquitoes are capable and challenging to eradicate due to their strengths such as the ability to track us down with their receptors. In addition, they have strong survivor skills where they spend most time in waters and rely on their siphon to breathe. Read more on 10 essential facts we need to know about mosquitoes.
What do we need to know about dengue fever?
In a research collaboration with Nexus Link, most of us only relate high fever as a dengue fever system. However, this is among many symptoms of dengue fever, including headache, skin rash, and pain in the eye, vomiting and diarrhea and within an incubation period of one to four days. In fact, in the research survey, less than 30% of respondents knew what Denv-3 is. It is in fact one of the dominant viruses in Singapore is in recent months among other strains including Denv-1, Denv-2 and Denv-4. It is less common and thus individuals bear a lower immunity against this virus.
Dengue has no protection such as vaccinations although it is only applicable for individuals who had dengue previously. In severe cases, individuals can develop hemorrhagic fever together with other symptoms such as persistent vomiting and internal bleeding of the nose and gum.
Transmitted by an infected mosquito (which in fact mosquitoes are contracted with the infection through biting a victim), it is crucial to take note of the symptoms and seek early medical attention. Have plenty of rest and remain well hydrated by taking more fluids. In serious conditions, it may lead to hospitalisation with more medical attention.
What are the types of mosquito eradication options available?
There are various ways to get rid of mosquitoes. They range from DIY, natural repellant and engaging in professional pest control company. Firstly, most households will adopt in their home by using DIY home remedies. These include spraying with an insecticide, fixing a magnetic insect screen on window frames and balcony door panels or sticking air fresheners with mosquito repellent ingredients. Secondly, there are groups who utilise natural ingredients such as citronella and lemongrass to repel against mosquitoes in terms of spray, candle, patches and body applications. Thirdly, there are also households that engage pest control specialists to eradicate mosquitoes professionally. These treatments include regular fogging and mosquito larviciding.
Above all, there is innovation targeting mosquitoes at all life stages such as Rentokil Initial’s In2care mosquito trap. It works by spreading the active ingredient to prevent adult mosquitoes from developing and halting the transmission of disease through a domino effect. It spreads to other mosquito breeding sites that the mosquito lands on and enhances mosquito control in an efficient manner.
How specialists carry out mosquito treatment?
Before any pest control solutions are carried out, a site risk assessment has to be conducted to ensure the environment, premise condition and risk factor is considered. Once the recommended treatment is designed, the pest control specialist will advise on essential pre and post treatment checklist.
We recommend to stay out of bounds during the fogging treatment and only carry out on good weather. For health and safety reasons, the specialists are required to put on adequate and relevant personal protective equipment (PPE) and customers are advised on the downtime before returning. The water-based fogging with environmental-friendly factor, enhances the safety level of the public. Depending on severity and the risk conditions, fogging are done weekly or fortnightly. However, if you are residing within a dengue cluster, we recommend more intense frequency.
Control mosquitoes breeding through larviciding
Larviciding is applying active ingredients into stagnant or standing water, or receptacles driven locations that bear risks of mosquito breeding such as drains, water features and large water bodies. These are environmentally friendly as well and non-damaging to aquatic species, other than the target species such as mosquitoes.
Indoor and outdoor mosquito traps
Mosquitoes’ traps are usually recommended for additional safety, and both indoors and outdoors are available for options. This is important because it can return to track your location due to their efficient navigation, in particular if you are spending more time outdoors with high vegetation conditions. In addition, pests can enter through gaps and any opening, thus making your indoor homes as risky well. These are usually serviced every two months with limited or no interactions, thus optimising your safety through cross contamination factors.
To add on to the variety of mosquito treatment services, regardless which options you have engaged, pest services also include an inspection of the environment to spot any potential pest signs or high risk factors to take note. Service recommendations such as additional facility maintenance checklist, proofing or change in habits are provided. Finally, a proper and official reporting is available online. This allows for keeping track on service history, pest infestation condition and following up on outstanding matters on both parties.
How much does pest control packages for eradicating mosquito cost?
Price of pest control is dependent on broad factors that affect the cost across all treatments. However, in terms of mosquito solutions, here are additional factors to bear in mind.
- Frequency or fogging and larviciding, depending on severity or needs
- Type of active ingredient used, i.e. environmentally friendly and high efficacy
- Location to apply treatments, coverage area required for fogging and larviciding to apply
- Complexity of the environment to treat, i.e. garden, additional facilities
- Number of indoor and outdoor mosquito traps that is based on rental basis
- Value added services such as monitoring, inspection and reporting of mosquito trend
- One-off ad job mosquito control to deal with existing acute pest infestation
Difference between mosquitoes and midges
Midges are pests that are easily mistaken for mosquitoes because of their similarities. This is because midges are present in water-driven sites such as large water bodies and require water to complete their life cycle process. In addition, they fly and travel easily from location to location and breeding conditions are also dependent on climate (hot weather and monsoon) and moisture. While most midges generally are harmless compared to mosquitoes because they do not bite and suck blood, some species such as sand flies do. Otherwise, the diet of midges are similar to mosquitoes where they seek water and nectar for food sources.
It is important to ensure we have the right pest identification, be it mosquitoes and midges or other similar pests such as rodents and mice and termites versus ants. This is because the treatment of pests differ in several ways. They include mode of application, active ingredient, trapping device and locating key risk areas. This also explains why certain pest control services reveal gaps in terms of efficacy, and worse of all, worsening the infestation.
Mosquito prevention tips you can apply for your home
While we have a robust mosquito treatment plan in place, it is still as critical to remain vigilant against mosquito prevention, especially with the high volume of dengue cases in Singapore.
Firstly, or rather importantly, to perform diligent housekeeping. This removes any breeding sources by eliminating the presence of standing water around the premise. For example, take care of those potted plants or vases with stagnant water, wipe off puddles and spills in the balcony, maintain neglected locations such as gutters, drains and gully. Secondly, proofing is important not only to prevent mosquitoes from entering but other pests as well. For example, seal those gaps and crevices and apply proofing on openings such as door entries and windows. Thirdly, when outdoors, protect yourself from the risks of getting mosquito bites. You may do so by keeping cool, apply a repellent, clad in light color and cover exposed skins with long sleeves and pants.
Finally, eliminate adult mosquitoes and any other breeding sources with professional and credible pest management. Above all, regular inspection and detection is as important to prevent mosquito breeding from turning into a growing adult population.
When do we start to engage professional services?
Dengue is an epidemic where it is affecting almost every part of Singapore, and in particular, to pest prevention such as mosquitoes, it pays to start protecting early. Because it is an ongoing pest eradication effort, it should start early with consistent and regular services. Some factors to consider exactly when a professional service should kick in:
- When you notice more adult mosquitoes hovering around your premise or in your home
- If your residential or commercial premises resides within the dengue clusters
- More observations of mosquitoes bites suffered recently compared to previously
- High risk of mosquito breeding due to construction, vegetation and poor maintained facility
- Presence of kids or elderly who might be of health and safety risks in contracting dengue
- Premises with gardens or plants, that promotes risk of mozzie attraction and breeding
- Neighbouring units with history or cases of dengue, and to avoid cross infestation
How often do we need to call for mosquito control solutions?
All pests can occur at any time and regardless of any measures taken to control them at current. Pest management is an ongoing and regular process to ensure adequate and long-term protection. This is because pest infestation starts when there is food, water and shelter available. In addition, environment, climate, home habits and surrounding conditions can trigger pest infestation at any time.
In terms of mosquito control, it requires a community effort to control the dengue cases level. The frequency should be regular and adequate to combat their lifecycle. For example, it takes ten days or lesser for mosquitoes to develop. Hence, weekly control is best recommended to avoid chances of lapse. However, if there is a high and sudden dengue surge in the vicinity, you may need to consider increasing the treatment frequencies. Checking of mosquito breeding should happen on a weekly basis or even more frequent. This avoids missing mosquitoes that develop faster because of the hot temperature.
Call Rentokil Singapore at 6347 8138 for pest control services today.