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Our tropical climate in Singapore makes conditions very favorable for termite season all year round! As the weather becomes warmer, usually after a spot of rain, termite swarms begin to occur. This is when winged termites leave their nest to find a mate and start a new colony, which could be in your home.
Termites can often be mistaken for white ants so knowing exactly what these crawling insects look like can help you take a proactive approach to protecting your property from termite damage.
What do termites look like?
Providing a general description of what termites look like can be somewhat difficult. This is because depending on the species and caste, their appearance can differ. For example, some termites can appear to be white or translucent in colour, whilst others can be a brownish-black colouring.
How to identify termites
Aside from their colouring, there are a handful of aesthetics that can help you identify termites. They are:
As previously stated, depending on the caste, the appearance of a termite can differ. Although they generally look the same, there are a handful of unique characteristics which separates each faction.
What does a Queen termite look like?
During the early stages of their life, termite queens are flying termites so their appearance reflects those in that caste.
However, once they have fulfilled their duty of breeding and begin to start a new colony their appearance starts to differ. Due to the large number of eggs she will begin to produce her abdomen starts to stretch and becomes translucent, reaching the size of an index finger and leaving her immobile and totally dependent on the worker termites of the colony.
What do soldier termites look like?
The main role of soldier termites is to defend the colony. Because of this, their appearance differs from other termites in order to provide them with the correct tools to fulfil their role.
Soldier termites have large, hard heads that are often dark in colour and come equipped with a large set of jaws or mandibles.
What do worker termites look like?
Worker termites resemble the stereotypical representation of these pests. As they are the ones which leave the nest to gather food, these are the insects you will typically spot.
Termites with wings
Flying termites, also known as alates, differ in appearance from other termites due to one feature. Yep, as you probably guessed, their wings.
Flying termites have two sets of equal-sized wings which are almost twice the size of their bodies. Flying ants, on the other hand, have a large pair of wings in the front and smaller ones at the back.
A flying termite usually appears in matured colonies where the winged males and females fly out to seek new spots to build a new colony of their own. Your home could be a target for these flying termites!
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